APWA Book Review

Emergency Planning (1st Ed.)
552 pp * 2006 * John Wiley & Sons, Inc. * Ronald W. Perry, Ph.D. and Michael K. Lindell, Ph.D.

Where you want to go, Emergency Planning will help you get there. Easy to read, practical, and up-to-date, this publication not only helps you learn fundamental emergency planning concepts; it also helps you master the core competencies and skills you need to succeed.

Emergency planning is treated as a critical avenue to community emergency preparedness. Therefore, emergency planning is presented in its many contexts: the practice of emergency management, the community for which the planning is done—including the political, private business and nonprofit sectors—and the network of intergovernmental relationships in which planning must operate.

An important emphasis in the volume is the characterization of emergency planning as a process. This process view forms the framework from which specific strategies and techniques are drawn. We educate the planner in known patterns of human disaster behavior to create a vision of action on the ground where plan implementation takes place. Similarly, time is given to sharing emergency plan information with the public, including the goals for sharing and the social psychology of the communication process. Building from this base, individuals are given a picture of what the planning process must address: preparedness, vulnerability, the notion of resources inside and outside the community, and a view of outcomes for individuals and organizations.

This book addresses a range of strategies and skills that planners require to achieve a successful planning process. Individuals are taught the basics of generic protective actions (for example in-place protection, expedient respiratory protection and evacuation) and the planning concepts supporting effective protective action recommendations. The accepted formats are given for the two principal types of written plans—emergency operations plans and continuity for operations plans. Then in short format, the authors present the milestones that a planner must address for dealing with disaster in future time and those that one should consider when planning for implementation of the emergency plan at the time of disaster impact.

This publication begins with an introductory chapter entitled "Introduction to Emergency Planning." This chapter provides an introduction and overview of how emergency planning fits within the field of emergency management.

Chapter 2, "The Emergency Planning Process: Mandates, Structure, and Guidelines," outlines the components of an emergency plan, principles that guide the planning process and resources that can be used in the planning process.

Chapter 3, "Patterned Human Behavior in Disaster: What a Planner Must Know," examines the impact of disasters on people's health, as well as people's likely psychological reactions to disaster. This chapter also discusses disaster myths and how to assess patterns of pro-social or positive behavior that can support emergency plans.

Chapter 4, "Fostering Successful Emergency Planning: A Planner's Guide to Making It Work," examines how to assemble an emergency planning team, how to motivate the team members, and how to train the team.

Chapter 5, "Classes of Protective Action Recommendations: Emergency Planning Conditions and Considerations," discusses different recommendations the emergency planner can make for people to take to protect themselves from the impact of different types of disasters.

Chapter 6, "Analyzing and Selecting Protective Actions: How to Make Effective Choices," continues the discussion on protective actions and how to estimate hazard exposure.

Chapter 7 is "The Content and Format of Emergency Plans: Framing a Picture of the Planning Process." This chapter provides an outline of what information to include in an information plan and discusses how to write a plan including what appendices should be included.

Chapter 8, "Continuity of Operations Plans: Keeping the Organization Alive," examines continuity plans for both government and businesses. This chapter provides information about how a community can continue to operate after a disaster.

Chapter 9, "Milestones That Structure Emergency Planning: Organizing Tasks for Emergency Planners," exams the connection between relationship planning and mitigation planning.

Chapter 10, "Population Warning: Behavioral Foundations and Practical Applications," discusses how to detect disasters and warn the population of the disaster. Risk communication and different protective action recommendations are discussed as well.

Chapter 11, "Planning for Hazard Adjustment: Protection Adoption, Hazard Awareness, and Risk Communication," examines different hazard adjustments and how to communicate to the public what adjustments that they need to make. The strengths and limitations of different communication channels are discussed as well.

Chapter 12, "Structures for Managing Emergency Response: Executing Emergency Plan Provisions," examines structures such as the emergency operations center (EOC) and the incident management system (IMS) that are used in managing emergency response.

Chapter 13, "Selected Federal Emergency Planning Mandates: Balancing Local Needs with Federal Requirements," discusses the federal laws and requirements that govern emergency management.

Chapter 14, "Emergency Planning, Professionalism, and the Future: Professional Identity, Credentials, and Prospects," discusses the profession of emergency planning and how emergency management is evolving into a profession.

The authors acknowledge that this plan is a snapshot of the planning process at one point in time and discuss the ways that plans are translated into action. They also discuss the local emergency operations center, not just to describe its functions and structure, but also to explain how one plans to build an emergency operations center. This publication closes with a discussion of credentialing for emergency planners and admonitions regarding preservation of the planning process.

To obtain your copy, please call the APWA Bookstore at (800) 848-APWA, ext. 5253. Or, for more information on purchasing this publication and other American Public Works Association books, please visit the APWA Bookstore online at /bookstore.